Docker 1.13 was released just a few days ago (blog post here). With it came several improvements to Docker Swarm. One highly anticipated improvement (at least by me anyways) is secrets management. In this post, we'll see how to add secrets to a swarm and how to make them available to running services.
So… I'm assuming you read the warning above and have a Swarm cluster configured and ready to go. ;)
What we're going to do…
We're going to use a simple Node.JS app that simply displays the contents of a secret, which we'll name
db-password. When Docker makes secrets available, it mounts the secrets as files within the
/run/secrets directory. So, once configured, we will have a
/run/secrets/db-password file in which the contents are our secret. The app will simply display the contents or an error.
Defining the secret
docker secret command allows us to specify new secrets that can be shared with services running in Docker Swarm.
Using a file
Let's assume that we have a file named
password.txt that contains our database password of this-is-my-super-secret-password. To add this secret, run the following command…
> docker secret create db-password password.txt uxqpdez2tgky49ixllk4yls8l
This creates a new secret named
db-password, using the contents of the file
Using standard in
You can also create secrets using standard in, allowing you to use curl, decryption, or whatever…
> curl https://raw.githubusercontent.com/mikesir87/docker-secret-example-app/master/password.txt | docker secret create db-password - vwyegj0kaftyzu8a5lo8c6lbs
This example also creates a secret named
db-password, but uses the contents from my example project repo.
Associating a secret at service creation
A secret can be added during the creation of a service by using the
--secret [secret-name] option.
> docker service create --name app -p 3000:3000 --secret db-password mikesir87/docker-secret-example-app
Wait for the service to launch and then open the browser to http://node-0:3000 and you should see the following…
Adding a secret to an existing service
Go ahead and teardown the service created (
docker service rm app) and create the service without specifying the secret. Your browser should then display:
This is displayed because no secret has been configured in the container and the application is unable to find it. So, let's add the secret!
> docker service update --secret-add db-password app app
The containers are then restarted (so it'll take a second for the app to respond) and the secret is available once again!
Updating a secret
Secrets are immutable, so unable to be changed (at least right now). In order to update a secret, you will need to do the following:
- Stop any services currently using the secret (or remove the secret association)
- Remove the secret (
docker secret rm db-password)
- Create a new secret with the new data (can use the same name)
- Restart services
Docker 1.13 brings support for creating secrets and making them available to a service. This post shared a few ways on how to do that.
Questions? Start a discussion below!